General Gynecology involves care of women’s health, including the reproductive system and breasts.
If you’re planning to become pregnant and have already planned a pre-pregnancy checkup, good for you; it’s a smart move. If not, do so right away. As a part of this visit, your doctor will ask about your medical and family history, medications you take, any past pregnancies you’ve had, and your diet and lifestyle. Be open and honest when you respond to these questions. Your answers will help your doctor decide whether you need special care during pregnancy.
This is also a time for you to ask questions. You can seek advice or discuss concerns you might have. There’s no such thing as a stupid question, and your health care team is there to inform and guide you.
Combined with other test and exams, ultrasound can help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis and determine proper treatment for certain problems. It can enable your doctor to follow any problems more closely, helping to promote your good health and well-being.
Ultrasound is energy in the form of sound waves produced by a small crystal. The sound waves move at a frequency too high to be heard by the human ear. They are directed into a specific area of the body through a device called a transducer. The transducer is moved across the skin. The sound waves bounce off tissues inside the body, like echoes. They are changed into pictures of the internal organs and during pregnancy the fetus. The pictures appear on a screen similar to a television. The type of ultrasound that this most often used, called real-time, combines still pictures one after another to show movement, somewhat like the single frames that make a motion picture.
There are many methods of birth control. Each method has good points as well as side effects. Birth control allows a woman to plan her family—both the number and the spacing of children. All of these methods are safe when used appropriately.
Certain types of birth control offer added health benefits. Discuss the pros and cons of each method with your doctor so you can choose the best method for you.
If you have any suspicion of having a sexually transmitted disease, if you had unprotected intercourse or experience abnormal vaginal discharge or vulvar lesions, then you should see a physician who can expertly test and treat these conditions. STDs are unfortunately prevalent, and you should be aware of how to protect yourself and treat infections appropriately so as to maximize your health.
Part of growing up is learning to take care of your body. This means making good choices for your health, avoiding things that can hurt you, and seeing an obstetrician/gynecologist at least once a year for care. You and your doctor will talk about your general health any problems you may be having. You also will discuss when you should have a pelvic exam and Pap test.
Colposcopy is done when a Pap test shows changes that could lead to cancer. Colposcopy is a way of looking at the cervix through a special magnifying device called a colposcope. It shines a light onto the vagina and cervix. A colposcope can enlarge the normal view by 2-60 times. This allows the doctor to find problems that cannot be seen by the eye alone.